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The Land of Oz


To commemorate the 75th anniversary of The Wizard of Oz (1939), the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) US will present a tribute to the film at the ceremony of the 2014 Oscar awards.

Childhood for many of us was marked by the adventures of Dorothy. Small, I accompanied her on the yellow brickroad, sang songs and was terrified by the images of the witch who kidnapped Toto. But the  Wizard of Oz is not just a film for children, over the years I learned new ways to see and understand. In honor of this classic Hollywood that never fail to impress, I have compiled the following fun facts about The Wizard of Oz :

There are multiple versions: The Wizard of Oz 1939 film directed by Norman Taurog, King Vidor, Victor Fleming, Mervyn LeRoy, George Cukor (yes, all) is just one of the many adaptations of a book of L. Frank Baum. Dorothy and her friends first appeared in the novel The Wonderful Wizard of Oz , published in 1900. Shortly thereafter, in 1902, the story became a Broadway musical and even inspired three silent films. The original novel was so successful that Baum wrote thirteen books more located in the land of Oz. Since 1956, The Wizard of Oz is owned by the public domain, so a count of all its adaptations is almost impossible, but a version of history that has gained popularity in recent times is Wicked , the Broadway musical based on the Gregory Maguire novels, in turn based on the novel by Baum. What will the next reincarnation of Dorothy?

Victor Fleming directing the Munchkins and Judy Garland. Image of AMPAS.

Victor Fleming directing the Munchkins and Judy Garland. Image of AMPAS.

The shoes were not always ruby red . In the novel of Baum, magic slippers Dorothy were silver, but in the 1939 film the color was changed to scarlet to take advantage of the effects of Technicolor full The Wizard of Oz was one of the first films to use this technology and the production team made many efforts to show it off. The Technicolor not reproduce colors faithfully, so art designers had to use different pastel colors to simulate white on the screen;Dorothy dress, for example, was a blue boxes and roses. Furthermore, the Technicolor required more usual lighting and therefore the temperature reached the set so high that caused fainting.

Dorothy in the poppy field. Image of AMPAS.

Dorothy in the poppy field. Image of AMPAS.

Before dead simple: Many production anecdotes revolve around the paintings that were used on the set and costumes. The actor originally chosen as the Tin Man, Buddy Ebsen, was poisoned with aluminum powder used in makeup and had to leave the shoot. Ebsen was replaced by Jack Haley and makeup was replaced by a paste.Actress Margaret Hamilton was also exposed to toxic makeup as the green dye needed to impersonate the Wicked Witch of the West contained lead. Horses ran Emerald City luckiest, because they were painted with powder to make jellies, constantly licking himself.

Margaret Hamilton as the Wicked Witch of the West. Image of Villains Wiki.

Margaret Hamilton as the Wicked Witch of the West. Image of Villains Wiki.

Toto was a superstar: Terry, the dog who played Toto, enjoyed a prolific film career. His acting debut was in 1934 in the film Bright Eyes , directed by David Butler and starring Shirley Temple. The dog was in 16 films in total. After The Wizard of Oz even reunited with Margaret Hamilton in Twin Beds (1942) Tim Whelan. In The Wizard of O z Terry earned $ 125 a week, more than some actors playing the Munchkins. The production used a stuffed animal to avoid discomfort to the dog arduous tests of lighting, but could not prevent was injured when one of the guards of the evil witch stepped on by mistake.

Terry as Toto. Image of The Wonderful Wiki of Oz.

Terry as Toto. Image of The Wonderful Wiki of Oz.

The recognition takes time: The Wizard of Oz was an instant hit with audiences and critics (the newspaper The New York Times reported that the film was so great and happy that anyone with negative comments should be sent to bed without supper ), but failed to recover production costs at the box office. The MGM studio not grossed up tothe re-release of the film in 1949. The recognition of the AMPAS was not immediately as the Wizard of Oz was nominated for six Oscars in 1940 but lost the statuette for Best Picture against What the wind , Victor Fleming, George Cukor and Sam Wood … and that they had two directors in common.

Behind the scenes of {{The Wizard of Oz}}. Image of AMPAS.

Behind the scenes of The Wizard of Oz . Image of AMPAS.

The world of Oz is so extensive that there is a virtual encyclopedia devoted to the subject, so those who are still hungry for information recommend visiting The Wonderful Wiki of Oz . On March 2 , fans of the film will continue tofuel nostalgia in the ceremony of the Oscars, meanwhile we can enjoy it on project free tv.

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